50% Voucher
TURF Analysis
TURF Analysis

TURF Analysis: Unlocking Maximum Market Reach with Comprehensive Insights

In today’s fast-paced and competitive business landscape, making data-driven decisions is crucial for business growth and sustainability. This approach necessitates the use of several analytical tools and techniques, one of which is TURF analysis.

TURF Analysis Definition

TURF, an acronym for Total Unduplicated Reach and Frequency, is an analytical research method that aids in understanding the potential of market coverage of a range of products or services. The method has garnered popularity due to its effective ability to help businesses optimize their product portfolios, marketing strategies, and promotional campaigns.

The fundamental principle of this analysis is to identify the most effective combination of products or services to attract the maximum unduplicated (unique) customers. To illustrate, if a business offers three products — A, B, and C, and a customer is likely to purchase both A and B, but not C, that customer counts as one ‘reach’. The aim is to maximize this ‘reach’ across the market, hence the term ‘Total Unduplicated Reach’.

Understanding the Basic Concepts in TURF Analysis

In this section, we’ll further unpack the core principles and elements of TURF analysis, focusing on the Total Unduplicated Reach and Frequency. We’ll also discuss the TURF analysis matrix and finally touch on the benefits and limitations of this method.

Explaining ‘Total Unduplicated Reach’

Total Unduplicated Reach is the total number of unique consumers that a particular set of products or services can potentially reach.

  • It helps in identifying the optimal product or service mix that can cover the maximum unique potential customers.
  • It enables businesses to avoid redundancy in reaching the same set of customers through different products or services.

Understanding ‘Frequency’

Frequency in TURF analysis refers to the number of times a consumer interacts with a product or service. This can be interpreted as the repeat purchase rate or the interaction rate of customers with the product/service. Higher frequency indicates customer loyalty and better chances of recurring revenue, making it an essential factor for businesses to consider.

The Concept of ‘TURF’ Analysis Matrix

The TURF Analysis Matrix is a method used to determine the reach and frequency of a set of products or services.

  • The vertical axis typically represents the unique customer reach, and the horizontal axis represents the frequency.
  • Different combinations of products/services are plotted on this matrix, providing a visual overview of the market coverage.
  • By examining the matrix, businesses can identify which combination of products/services can provide the maximum reach and frequency.

Example of a TURF Analysis Matrix

Imagine you are a marketing manager for a beverage company, and you want to determine the best combination of three new product flavors to maximize your market reach.

In this simple example:

Flavor AFlavor BFlavor CFlavor D
Consumer 1XX
Consumer 2XX
Consumer 3XX
Consumer 4XX
Consumer 5XX
Reach (%)60%60%40%40%
  • We have four product flavors: A, B, C, and D.
  • We surveyed five consumers (Consumer 1 to Consumer 5) to determine their preferences.
  • “X” represents the flavors that each consumer prefers.
  • “-” indicates flavors that the consumer did not prefer.

After surveying the consumers, we calculate the reach percentage for each flavor. Reach refers to the percentage of consumers that selected a particular flavor as their preference.

In this example:

  • Flavor A and Flavor B both have a reach of 60% because 3 out of 5 consumers prefer each of them.
  • Flavor C and Flavor D both have a reach of 40% because 2 out of 5 consumers prefer each of them.

Using this information, you can decide which combination of flavors would maximize your reach while considering other factors like cost, production capacity, or market demand.

TURF | Quickly unlock optimal product combinations

TURF – Quickly unlock optimal product combinations – by Displayr (02m:55s)

The Methodology of TURF Analysis

Having discussed the basic concepts, let’s now explore how to conduct a TURF analysis, its significance in market segmentation, and the utilization of software in performing this analysis.

Step-by-step Process of Conducting TURF Analysis:

One of the most salient advantages of this type of analysis is its capacity for prediction and forecasting. In business, regression can help forecast sales for the next quarter, predict stock prices, or estimate future demand for a product. In environmental science, it can be used to project future temperature changes or pollution levels. The model enables one to make educated guesses about an outcome when specific conditions are met.

  • Identifying the Product/Service Set: The first step involves defining the set of products or services for which you want to conduct the TURF analysis. It could be a set of potential new products/services, different marketing messages, or various content topics for your digital marketing strategy.
  • Surveying Target Market Preferences: Once the product or service set is defined, conduct a survey of your target market to understand their preferences. The survey could involve direct questions about their likeliness to buy a product or use a service or can be more nuanced, asking about their reaction to different marketing messages or content topics. The main objective is to understand the combination of products/services/messages that resonate most with your target audience.
  • Data Collection and Analysis: Collect the survey responses and start the analysis. The primary goal of TURF analysis is to identify the combinations of products/services that will reach the maximum unique (unduplicated) audience. Analyzing the data requires statistical techniques and can be simplified with the help of various software available in the market.


Use our market research tool to understand your target audience’s preferences and find the optimal product combination. Maximize your market reach with targeted insights.

Market research tool by resonio – Learn more!

Importance of Segmentation in TURF Analysis

Market segmentation plays a crucial role in TURF analysis. Different segments of the market may have different preferences, leading to different optimal product/service combinations for each segment. Here are some reasons why segmentation is vital in TURF analysis:

  • Tailored Marketing: It helps in devising segment-specific marketing strategies, leading to better customer engagement and higher chances of conversions.
  • Increased Efficiency: By focusing on unique market segments, businesses can allocate their resources more efficiently and effectively, leading to better ROI.
  • Enhanced Customer Understanding: It leads to a better understanding of different customer groups and their preferences, which can be used to enhance product/service offerings and overall customer satisfaction.

Using Software for TURF Analysis:

  • Simplifying the Process: The TURF analysis process involves complex statistical techniques. Using software tools specifically designed for TURF analysis can simplify the process and make it more accurate.
  • Enhanced Visualization: Software tools also provide better visualization of the analysis results, making it easier for decision-makers to understand the findings and take appropriate actions.
  • Time Efficiency: Software significantly reduces the time required for data analysis and interpretation, leading to quicker decisions and actions.

Benefits of Using TURF Analysis

Total Unduplicated Reach and Frequency (TURF) analysis is an essential tool in market research that offers a multitude of benefits to businesses striving to optimize their strategies. This statistical method, designed to maximize the reach and frequency of a company’s offerings, provides valuable insights into customer preferences and aids in making informed, data-driven decisions.

Maximizing Market Reach

One of the most significant advantages of TURF analysis is its ability to maximize a product or service’s reach. By identifying the optimal combination of offerings that cater to the most unique customers, businesses can extend their reach to a broader audience. This allows them to efficiently utilize their resources and gain a competitive edge in the market.

Consumer-centric Approach

TURF analysis puts the consumer at the heart of decision-making, enabling a more targeted and consumer-centric approach. It provides insights into customer preferences, helping businesses tailor their offerings to match their target audience’s desires. This can enhance customer satisfaction and foster brand loyalty, leading to long-term business success.

Logistic Regression

Logistic regression is used when the dependent variable is binary – that is, it can take only two values, like ‘yes/no’ or ‘true/false’. For example, if a company wants to predict whether a customer will make a purchase (yes/no) based on variables such as ‘age’, ‘income’, and ‘previous purchase history’, they would use logistic regression.

Data-driven Decision Making

TURF analysis facilitates data-driven decision-making, an essential component of contemporary business strategy. By analyzing survey data about consumer preferences, businesses can make informed choices about product launches, marketing campaigns, and more. This significantly reduces the risks associated with relying solely on intuition or anecdotal evidence.

Resource Optimization

TURF analysis can aid in effective resource allocation. By identifying the most appealing combination of products or services, businesses can avoid wasting resources on less attractive options. This leads to increased efficiency and a better return on investment.


The versatility of TURF analysis is another notable benefit. It can be applied in various industries and can guide strategies related to products, services, marketing messages, and even digital content. Whether a business is deciding on launching new flavors of a drink or identifying the best social media platforms for their campaign, this analysis can provide valuable guidance.

Future Forecasting

Finally, TURF analysis can assist with future forecasting, providing insights that can guide long-term strategic planning. By understanding what combinations of offerings attract the most unique customers today, businesses can make educated predictions about future market trends and consumer behavior.

Case Studies of TURF Analysis in Market Research

The practical application of TURF analysis varies across industries. To give you a better understanding, let’s delve into some case studies spanning different sectors — the Food and Beverage Industry, the Retail Industry, and the Technology Sector.

Food and Beverage Industry

Consider a global beverage company planning to launch a new line of flavored drinks. They have ten flavors in consideration, but due to budget constraints, they can only launch five.

  • Identifying the Set: The company first identifies the set of potential new flavors.
  • Surveying Target Market: They conduct a survey among their target consumers asking them to rank the flavors based on their likeliness to purchase.
  • Data Analysis and Decision Making: The survey data is collected and the analysis is conducted to find out the five flavors that will reach the maximum unique consumers. The company then proceeds with the launch of these flavors, ensuring the highest possible reach within their target market.

Retail Industry

Imagine a large retail chain store planning to roll out a new promotional campaign with a series of advertising messages. They wish to understand which combination of messages will resonate with the largest unique consumer base.

  • Identifying the Set: The retail store identifies the potential set of advertising messages for the campaign.
  • Surveying Target Market: They conduct a market survey where consumers are asked to rate their likeliness to visit the store based on each advertising message.
  • Data Analysis and Decision Making: Using TURF analysis on the collected data, the retail store identifies the combination of messages that will likely entice the largest unique consumer base. The promotional campaign is then designed around these selected messages.

Technology Sector

A tech company is planning to launch a series of online tutorials on a range of topics. They aim to identify the topics that will attract the maximum unique viewers.

  • Identifying the Set: The company identifies the potential set of topics for the online tutorials.
  • Surveying Target Market: A survey is conducted asking potential viewers to rank the topics based on their interest levels.
  • Data Analysis and Decision Making: Based on this analysis of the survey data, the company identifies the combination of topics that will likely draw the most unique viewers. They proceed to create and launch online tutorials based on these topics.

Types of TURF Analysis

While TURF is a single approach at its core, various types of TURF analyses have emerged to serve different industry needs and to solve specific business problems. This chapter explores some of the key types, namely traditional TURF, media planning TURF, and dynamic TURF, among others.

Traditional TURF

This is the foundational form of this type of analysis and is mainly used for optimizing product portfolios. The objective is to identify which subset of a range of products will reach the largest unique set of customers. For example, if a beverage company wants to launch a variety of new flavors, traditional TURF analysis can help determine which mix of flavors will attract the largest number of unique customers. This is especially useful for physical retail spaces where shelf space is limited.

Media Planning TURF

Traditional TURF analysis has been adapted to suit the needs of media planning and buying. Media Planning TURF is used to determine which combination of media channels—such as television, print, and digital—will maximize the reach for an advertising campaign. It helps brands allocate their marketing budget across various platforms to ensure that their message is seen by as many people as possible within their target audience, at least once.

Dynamic TURF

Dynamic TURF analysis is a more advanced form that considers time as a variable. Traditional TURF is static, meaning it estimates reach based on a single point in time. However, consumer preferences and market dynamics change over time. Dynamic analysis takes these fluctuations into account and offers a more responsive model for identifying optimal product or service combinations.

TURF with Constraints

Sometimes, there are practical limitations to consider such as budget constraints, regional preferences, or inventory limitations. TURF with constraints integrates these real-world limitations into the analysis. For instance, if a snack company knows that a particular flavor is expensive to produce, that constraint can be factored into the TURF analysis to find the most cost-effective combination that still maximizes reach.

Geo-Spatial TURF

Geo-spatial TURF is an adaptation of the traditional TURF model but is focused on geographic locations. It is used by businesses like retail chains to determine where to open new stores to reach the most significant number of unique customers. It factors in variables such as population density, distance between locations, and even regional preferences.

TURF with Machine Learning

Advanced forms of TURF have begun integrating machine learning algorithms to predict consumer behaviors more accurately. These predictive models are particularly useful when historical data is insufficient for a reliable TURF analysis.

The Future of TURF Analysis: New Developments and Innovations

As businesses and researchers continue to find new applications for TURF analysis, several trends and innovations are emerging. AI and machine learning are being utilized to automate and enhance the analysis process, providing more accurate results and insights.

With advancements in data collection and processing, businesses can conduct real-time TURF analysis, allowing for immediate strategic adjustments. By understanding these advanced topics and staying abreast of new developments, market researchers and businesses can leverage TURF analysis more effectively and innovatively.


TURF analysis is a valuable tool in the realm of market research, offering businesses an evidence-based approach to decision-making. This technique enables businesses to maximize their unique reach, catering to the most customers possible, and avoid redundancy in their strategies.

The diverse applications of this analysis underscore its versatility and power. From product launches to advertising campaigns, from content planning to social media strategies – the TURF technique can provide actionable insights that drive effective and efficient business decisions. Despite its potential, TURF analysis is only one of many tools available in the ever-expanding field of market research. Combining it with other techniques, continually updating it in response to new technologies and trends, and applying it thoughtfully based on a deep understanding of customer behavior are all essential steps for successful market research.

Learn about further Data Analysis Methods in Market Research


What is TURF analysis and why is it important in market research?

TURF stands for Total Unduplicated Reach and Frequency. TURF analysis is a statistical method used in market research to estimate media or market potential and formulate optimized marketing strategies. It identifies the combination of products or services that will reach the most unique audience. This helps businesses maximize their potential customer base and avoid redundancy in reaching the same customers through different channels or with different products.

Can TURF analysis be applied to digital marketing?

Yes, TURF analysis is becoming increasingly relevant in digital marketing. For instance, it can help identify which combination of content types or topics will reach the most unique audience in content marketing strategies. Additionally, it can assist in determining which mix of social media platforms will enable a brand to engage with the maximum number of unique users.

What are some limitations of TURF analysis?

While TURF analysis is a powerful tool, it does have some limitations. For instance, it assumes that consumers make independent choices, which may not always hold true in real-life scenarios. Additionally, it considers the presence or absence of preference but not the intensity of that preference. Also, TURF analysis may not be as effective in scenarios where products and services are highly interrelated or bundled.

How is TURF analysis evolving with new technology and trends?

Emerging technologies, particularly AI and machine learning, are being used to automate and enhance the TURF analysis process. This can lead to more accurate results and insights. Furthermore, advancements in data collection and processing are enabling real-time TURF analysis, allowing businesses to make strategic adjustments on the fly based on immediate feedback and data.

Related pages